《圣经》中的乱伦现象

最近在读《圣经》,在《创世纪》中读到一则令我很震惊的故事:罗得(Lot)一家父女三人乱伦。《圣经》新世界英文译本原文记录如下:

And the firstborn said to the younger: “Our father is old, and there is not a man in the land to have relations with us according to the custom of the whole earth. Come, let us give our father wine to drink, and let us lie down with him and preserve offspring from our father.”

So that night they kept giving their father wine to drink; then the firstborn went in and lay down with her father, but he did not know when she lay down and when she got up.

Then on the next day, the firstborn said to the younger: “Here I lay down with my father last night. Let us give him wine to drink tonight also. Then you go in and lie down with him, and let us preserve offspring from our father.”

So that night also, they repeatedly gave their father wine to drink; then the younger went and lay down with him, but he did not know when she lay down and when she got up.

So both daughters of Lot became pregnant by their father. The firstborn gave birth to a son and named him Moab. He is the father of the Moabites of today. The younger also gave birth to a son, and she named him Ben-ammi. He is the father of the Ammonites of today.

GENESIS 19:15-35

大意是罗得的两个女儿把亲生父亲灌醉,然后同床最后怀孕生子。用我们现代人的观点,这绝对是乱伦行为,这也是我为什么会感到震惊的原因。只是圣经中的确如此记录,这是为什么呢?后人出于自己不同的目的作出了相应的解读。我个人觉得这可能与当时的情形有极大的关系:为了繁衍后代。

在当时的情况下,人口数量远比现在少,每个女人最大的使命是尽可能多的生儿生女,繁衍后代。当时,罗得和他的两个女儿逃到山洞里后,两个女儿以为这世上已经没有其他男人了,于是便产生了和父亲发生关系留下后代的想法,并且付诸于行动。

但她们也知道直接与父亲说这个想法的话,她们的父亲不会同意(这是不是说明已经存在伦理观?),所以才用酒把父亲灌醉,然后发生了我们觉得是乱伦的事情,罗得能跟女儿发生性关系,显然并非烂醉如泥。鉴于这两个女人当时还是处女,难以表明她们的行为是现代人“乱伦”观念中的纵欲享乐行为。

只是,这样繁衍出来的后代难道不会出智力等生理上的缺陷?也许我们不能用现代生物和科学研究的观点去推敲《圣经》中的细节。但可以肯定的一点是,在现代社会里,这种乱伦行为无论是从伦理还是生物学上来说,都是绝对不应该出现的事情。后世不少艺术创作者,还是将罗得乱伦这个故事在绘画中给予了相当多的关注(不适合在工作场所观看)。

需要说明的是,我只是就事论事,绝对没有亵渎《圣经》和冒犯基督徒的想法,上述观点如有错误的地方,也请相关基督徒批评指正。

更新:Genesis 38这一章节,出现了犹大(Judah)和他儿媳妇(Tamar)乱伦的事情:大儿子作恶被上帝干掉,父亲犹大让二儿子与大儿媳妇行房生子,二儿子射在地上,被上帝干掉。于是公公将大儿媳妇遣送回娘家,忘记接回来,大儿媳妇化妆成妓女与公公行房最终生子。

2015-06-09 08:0074圣经创世纪宗教乱伦