英国四大品牌婴幼儿配方奶粉冲泡说明和注意事项

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我为亲朋好友以及博客读者代购奶粉近两年,发现很多父母并不是很懂冲泡婴儿配方奶粉的方法,甚至很随意。各国婴儿配方奶粉规格不一样(比如奶粉自带的勺子规格就不一样),所以美国的方法未必适合英国,最可靠的办法当然是看奶粉包装上的说明。

由于英国奶粉包装上是完全英文,不是每个中国家长都看得懂,我这里将英国婴幼儿奶粉的冲泡方法、喂养用量和次数等重要信息和注意事项翻译成中文,供相关朋友参考。

必须说明,如果条件允许,至少6个月内请优先使用母乳喂养宝宝,虽然监管相当严格的英国婴幼儿配方奶粉可能是这个地球上最好的奶粉,但是,我必须指出,再好的配方奶粉只能接近母乳,但不会优于母乳喂养。

经过我的亲自核对,以下信息只适应英国市场上目前所见的四大品牌婴儿配方奶粉:牛栏 Cow & Gate,爱他美 Aptamil,惠氏 SMA,喜宝 HiPP(英国到2015年止也只有这4个配方奶粉品牌)。2016年出现的英国Similac雅培由于自带勺子规格不一样,请参考包装上说明,或者联系土木坛子寻求帮助。

婴儿奶粉冲泡注意事项

婴儿配方奶粉并不是完全无菌状态,不遵守说明冲泡喂养宝宝可能会导致孩子生病

在冲泡奶粉前,请洗干净双手,按相应要求消毒所有需要使用的奶粉冲泡器具(水壶、奶瓶奶嘴等)。

  1. 烧开1升新鲜的饮用水,让水自然冷却不超过30分钟。即使人工软化过的水,比如桶装、瓶装纯净水,也需要烧开后再使用——否则可能含有细菌,但不要使用重复加热烧开的水!!!
  2. 根据宝宝的体重和年龄大小(下面有说明),倒入相应容量的水到消毒过的奶瓶——注意烫手。
  3. 请务必使用奶粉罐自带的专用勺子,根据宝宝大小,量取相应勺子数量的配方奶粉到量好水的奶瓶里。每勺子的定义是指:奶粉填平勺口即可,不要按压勺子里的奶粉,也不要堆成小山状。过多或过少添加奶粉对宝宝都有害。
  4. 然后盖好奶瓶盖子,摇晃10秒钟左右,将奶粉充分溶解在水中。
  5. 移除奶瓶盖子,装上消毒过的奶嘴。喂养宝宝前,请检查奶的温度(滴一滴到自己的外手臂上,不烫即可)。如果奶的温度过高,可使用凉水冷却奶瓶。奶粉冲泡好后,请立即喂养使用。

每次按需冲泡。出于卫生考虑,2小时以后的奶需要立即丢弃。没有喝完的奶不要保存。不要使用微波炉加热婴儿配方奶粉,它会导致局部过热从而烫伤宝宝。

各阶段宝宝的奶粉冲泡用量、用水量、喂养次数和喂养量

此建议是针对不使用母乳喂养的情况,混合喂养需相应调整,年龄越小越需要严格遵守,因为宝宝的营养越依赖配方奶粉。

  1. 婴儿年龄:0-2周,大约体重:3.5公斤,每24小时喂养次数:6,每次喂养的奶粉勺子数量(每勺子的奶粉重量=4.5克):3,每次喂养的奶量(也就是需要的水量):90毫升(克)
  2. 婴儿年龄:2-4周,大约体重:3.9公斤,每24小时喂养次数:5,每次喂养的奶粉勺子数量(每勺子的奶粉重量=4.5克):4,每次喂养的奶量(也就是需要的水量):120毫升(克)
  3. 婴儿年龄:4-8周,大约体重:4.7公斤,每24小时喂养次数:5,每次喂养的奶粉勺子数量(每勺子的奶粉重量=4.5克):5,每次喂养的奶量(也就是需要的水量):150毫升(克)
  4. 婴儿年龄:8-12周,大约体重:5.4公斤,每24小时喂养次数:5,每次喂养的奶粉勺子数量(每勺子的奶粉重量=4.5克):6,每次喂养的奶量(也就是需要的水量):180毫升(克)
  5. 婴儿年龄:3-4个月,大约体重:6.2公斤,每24小时喂养次数:5,每次喂养的奶粉勺子数量(每勺子的奶粉重量=4.5克):6,每次喂养的奶量(也就是需要的水量):180毫升(克)
  6. 婴儿年龄:4-5个月,大约体重:6.9公斤,每24小时喂养次数:5,每次喂养的奶粉勺子数量(每勺子的奶粉重量=4.5克):7,每次喂养的奶量(也就是需要的水量):210毫升(克)
  7. 婴儿年龄:5-6个月,大约体重:7.6公斤,每24小时喂养次数:5,每次喂养的奶粉勺子数量(每勺子的奶粉重量=4.5克):7,每次喂养的奶量(也就是需要的水量):210毫升(克)
  8. 婴儿年龄:7-12个月,每24小时喂养次数:3,每次喂养的奶粉勺子数量(每勺子的奶粉重量=4.5克):7,每次喂养的奶量(也就是需要的水量):210毫升(克)
  9. 孩子年龄:1-2岁,每天喝奶次数:2,每次喂养的奶粉勺子数量(每勺子的奶粉重量=4.8克):5,每次喂养的奶量(也就是需要的水量):210毫升(克)
  10. 孩子年龄:2-3岁,每天喝奶次数:2,每次喂养的奶粉勺子数量(每勺子的奶粉重量=4克):5,每次喂养的奶量(也就是需要的水量):210毫升(克)

奶粉储存方法

奶粉密封放在干燥凉爽的地方储存即可,不要放在冰箱里!开封后请于4个礼拜内使用完毕。每次开封后请在奶粉罐上标明开封日期,以免忘记。

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以下是本文采用到的英国BOOTS药店的英文原文信息(http://www.boots.com/):

Because powdered milks are not sterile, failure to follow instructions may make your baby ill. Wash hands and sterilise all utensils according to manufacturers’ instructions. Boil 1 litre of fresh water. Leave kettle to cool for no longer than 30 mins. Measure the required amount of water (refer to feeding guide) into a sterilised bottle. Be careful of scalding. Do not use artificially softened or repeatedly boiled water. Using the scoop provided, level off the powder with the built in leveller. Do not press/heap the powder. Add the correct measure of powder to the water. Adding too many or too few scoops can be harmful. Cap the bottle and shake well (for 10 seconds) to dissolve the powder. Remove cap and replace with a sterilised teat. Cool under running tap. Check temperature of feed. Feed immediately.

Make up each feed as required. For hygiene reasons, do not store made up feeds, discard unfinished feeds as soon as possible, and always within 2 hours. Do not heat feeds in a microwave, hot spots may occur and cause scalding.

Approx. age: Up to 2 weeks; Approx. weight: 3.5kg, 7 3/4lb; No. of feeds per 24 hours: 6; No. of level scoops per feed (1 scoop = 4.5g): 3; Single Feed: 90ml, 3fl oz

Approx. age: 2-4 weeks; Approx. weight: 3.9kg, 8 1/2lb; No. of feeds per 24 hours: 5; No. of level scoops per feed (1 scoop = 4.5g): 4; Single Feed: 120ml, 4fl oz

Approx. age: 4-8 weeks; Approx. weight: 4.7kg, 10 1/2lb; No. of feeds per 24 hours: 5; No. of level scoops per feed (1 scoop = 4.5g): 5; Single Feed: 150ml, 5fl oz

Approx. age: 8-12 weeks; Approx. weight: 5.4kg, 12lb; No. of feeds per 24 hours: 5; No. of level scoops per feed (1 scoop = 4.5g): 6; Single Feed: 180ml, 6fl oz

Approx. age: 3-4 months; Approx. weight: 6.2kg, 13 3/4lb; No. of feeds per 24 hours: 5; No. of level scoops per feed (1 scoop = 4.5g): 6; Single Feed: 180ml, 6fl oz

Approx. age: 4-5months; Approx. weight: 6.9kg, 15 1/4lb; No. of feeds per 24 hours: 5; No. of level scoops per feed (1 scoop = 4.5g): 7; Single Feed: 210ml, 7fl oz

Approx. age: 5-6 months; Approx. weight: 7.6kg, 16 3/4lb; No. of feeds per 24 hours: 5; No. of level scoops per feed (1 scoop = 4.5g): 7; Single Feed: 210ml, 7fl oz

Approx. age: 7-12 months; No. of feeds per 24 hours: 3; No. of level scoops per feed (1 scoop = 4.5g): 7; Single Feed: 210ml, 7fl oz

Approx. age: 12-24 months; No. of drinks per 24 hours: 2 x 150ml; No. of level scoops per drink (1 scoop = 4.8g): 5; Quantity of water per drink: 150ml

Approx. age: 24-36 months; No. of drinks per 24 hours: 2 x 150ml; No. of level scoops per drink (1 scoop = 4g): 5; Quantity of water per drink: 150ml

Always use the scoop provided, please note the colour of the scoop in this pack may change from time to time.

1 beaker; No. of level scoops per drink (1 scoop = 4.8g): 5; Quantity of water per drink: 150ml, fl oz 5.

Storage

Store powder in a cool dry place. Do not refrigerate. Use powder within 4 weeks of opening. Write the date you open the pack.

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2016-12-08 22:4130